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Packaging’s Evolving Functions Promote Innovative Technology

To quote Jane Donaghey of Almac Pharma Services—though many others would agree—“A package brings a product to life.”*

Rosamari Feliu
Rosamari Feliu

By Rosamari Feliu

No matter the product, if it is not contained, stored, protected, and transported, it cannot be used. In other words, packaging makes possible the use of a product as intended.

Packaging has evolved significantly through the years. Not only in its shapes and forms, but also, and most importantly, in its function. Historically, it has changed according to social structures and customer needs. As packaging functions change, they trigger the need to include innovative technology in package design.

The basic packaging functions are containment and storage, transportation, protection, communication, and utility of use.

It is believed that packages were born out of our ancestors’ need for containment and transporting goods. Nowadays, product protection, communication, and utility are becoming essential functions of an effective package. It’s as if we have attributed human characteristics to packaging—“personification”—in which it is expected that a package protects, communicates, and facilitates a product’s utilization.

Examples of how the protection, communication, and utility functions have recently triggered the use of new and innovative packaging technology.Examples of how the protection, communication, and utility functions have recently triggered the use of new and innovative packaging technology.In life sciences, the container/closure system plays a leading role in delivering safe and effective drugs to the end users. For that reason, packages are evolving dramatically by incorporating new and innovative technology, so they comply with more demanding functions. Let’s take a look at medical packaging. The table to the left shows examples of how the protection, communication, and utility functions have recently triggered the use of new and innovative packaging technology.

Child Resistant/Senior Friendly (CR/SF) or Child Resistant Packaging (CRP) is an example of a package design with the intent of protecting children from product toxicity while providing accessibility for seniors. If we ask a person to keep a toxic product away from children, the person will most likely hide it in a place with limited access. CRP relies on innovative packaging technology to achieve this task in using a container/closure combination that considers essential human factors elements for the targeted populations. Children and seniors behave at a different cognitive level. Hence, the graphics, messages, and color contrasts determine the success or failure of CRP. Even when the package’s mechanical design is appropriate, if the graphics’ visibility and instructions are not clear, the package might not be compliant with the Consumer Product Safety Commission’s regulatory requirements for CRP.

Packaging’s evolving roles of protection and communication are advancing along with consumer needs. Packaging can communicate to users what to do, how to comply with medication, alert them if the product had been tampered with, and provide information about its origin, among other critical information.

It will continue to evolve. Active and intelligent packaging can be used to enhance the protection and communication functions. When combining critical elements, like brand protection, safety, convenience, and conveying product information, smart packaging becomes a powerful tool in the packaging industry. With intelligent package development, the pharma industry, for example, can achieve traceability and patient compliance, among other benefits.

We’re beginning to hear that the Internet of Things (IoT) has the potential to revolutionize packaging in healthcare and other compliance environments. An example of “Internet of Packages” for compliance would be an integrated container and closure that link up with a cloud-based application to which a patient and their doctor can input the information, reminding the patient when to take their medication. According to some experts, many of these containers will have an indicator or light showing when it’s time to take medication.

The future promises more innovative package design triggered by more demanding functional requirements. Active and smart and intelligent packaging goes way beyond the inert, passive, and conventional containment and protection functions. The challenge to packaging designers is enormous and increases as modern packaging incorporates more demanding responsibilities to its design.

The author, Rosamari Feliu, has 20 years of experience as a packaging professional in life sciences. She is Vice President of Business Development and Client Relations at Ultimate Solutions Corp. and was key in recently launching IoPP’s Chapter in Puerto Rico. For more information on IoPP, visit

* Jane Donaghey is Packaging Coordinator within Almac Pharma Services’ Packaging Design Department. The full piece in which the quote attributed to her above appeared, In the Details, is available here:

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