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Article | October 31, 1996
Stretch wrap vs. boxes For the Athens AL plant the stretch wrapping solution itself is fairly new. Up until September '95 the large panels were first inserted into polyethylene bags fitted with expanded polystyrene corner caps and placed in corrugated boxes. Today the packaging process starts out as panels convey toward the stretch machines. The stretch machine operators fold and place foam-lined corrugated end caps around the panels. The end caps consist of three layers of A-flute single-face with a fourth layer nested into the open single-face. A 1/16" layer of expanded polypropylene foam is laminated to one side which is applied against the product. The corrugated is perforated so that it can be broken in half. The two pieces are each folded to create separate end caps. The panels are then wrapped as the film carriage moves around the horizontal panels wrapping from above and below. The panels are gripped at the leading and trailing edges to provide clear access to the full front and back of the panels during wrapping. The stretch wrap in addition to securing the corner caps provides a protective puncture-resistant barrier around the panel. The film is also strong enough to wrap around the sharp edges of the metal base of the panels without tearing according to Dortch. Though one of the benefits of the metallocene film is a higher elongation factor Steelcase uses the same 150% prestretch factor it used for the heavier film. After stretch wrapping another operator removes the panels from the packaging line. Other benefits Along with the source reduction in the film the new process requires three workers. Previously five workers were needed to operate the plant's box packaging line which consisted of fairly custom equipment tailored to the product. Though it was fast enough for Steelcase's needs it was more labor intensive than the stretch wrapping solution. The equipment payback was just over six months according to Dortch; most of that was material savings and the rest was labor and warehouse space. "We used to have to stock separate boxes for 40 different sized panels" explains Dortch. "Now we just store rolls of stretch wrap and one end cap design." Throughput is virtually the same. The stretch film also generates a few side benefits. One is that the packages are easier to hold and handle. Also since the film is clear it's possible to quickly and easily check the order for shipping damage without having to open a box. The panel's color and material can also be verified. Interestingly delivery truck unloading time increased. Reason: workers that unload the panels are more careful since they can now see the contents. Finally Steelcase's dealers also have less material to dispose of saving them labor and disposal fees. According to Dortch the success of this solution is prompting other Steelcase plants to adopt it. One in California was the next to see the benefits. "They've already purchased a machine installed it and are now in the process of debugging it" he says.
Metallocenes make their mark
Steelcase Inc. uses one of the first-available metallocene stretch films for wrapping cubicle wall panels. Downgauging keeps costs in check.
With a new breed of cast stretch wrap films made from metallocene resins offering greater puncture resistance high elongation and low noise compared to conventional cast films many packagers are beginning to take a closer look. Office furniture giant Steelcase Inc. Grand Rapids MI is one of the first users of one of these films Max Plus I a linear low-density polyethylene film. It's part of the MaxTech(TM) series of metallocene cast films recently unveiled by Pactiv Inc. (Pittsford NY) which the supplier claims is one of the first such breeds on the market. (Editor's note: Pactiv purchased the Mobilrap stretch film business from Mobil Chemical in November '95.) Steelcase's Athens AL plant uses the film to overwrap individual panels that are used in the construction of office cubicles. The panels are wrapped on two Lan-ringer® horizontal stretch wrapping systems from Lantech (Louisville KY) after being fitted with corrugatedend caps from Menasha's Sus-Rap Packaging Div. (Danville VA). According to Phil Dortch a Steelcase packaging engineer who was involved in the switch it represented an opportunity to move from a LLDPE blown film which the plant had been using to a cast film. There are two benefits to this. First cast films are generally quieter during wrapping than blown films according to Greg Hardin of Dillard Packaging Systems (Greensboro NC) which sold Steelcase the stretch wrapping equipment and distributes the film. Blown films require additives to create the cling that's inherent in cast films. Two stretch wrappers running simultaneously with blown film-especially the very high-end film Steelcase had been using-made a tremendous amount of noise in an otherwise quiet manufacturing environment according to Dortch. The second benefit of switching from blown to cast film according to Dillard's Hardin is economics. Cast films are typically less expensive than blown films. But prior to metallocene cast films no cast film would have been able to handle the Steelcase application requiring the performance (and the expense) of a high-end blown film. Indeed the metallocene film was so tough that it enabled Steelcase to downgauge from a 100-ga blown film to an 80-ga cast film representing a slight savings for Steelcase. That's not to say that metallocene films are inexpensive. "[The metallocene cast film] is among the most expensive cast films" Hardin admits. But a traditional cast film wouldn't have been able to handle the requirements of this application he says. Metallocene-based cast films have begun to blur the distinction between blown and cast films both in performance and economics. According to Tenneco this film is made from metallocene resins designed specifically for stretch film manufacturing. During the polymerization process the resin manufacturer Exxon Chemical Co. (Houston TX) adds a catalyst based on a combination of metallic and organic compounds. This metallocene catalyst allows Exxon to incorporate the desired stretch film properties into the resin. Pactiv then uses a cast film manufacturing process it developed specifically for metallocene resins to produce the cast films.
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