recycling experts. The report may have been designed to be more political than factual. It indicates that countries that mandate recycling or "producer responsibility" as Germany does have achieved far higher recycling rates than countries where recycling is voluntary like the U.S. It even states that most U.S. consumers are not "aware of waste" as a problem. Both Michele Raymond editor/publisher of State Recycling Laws Update and J. Winston Porter president of the Waste Policy Center refute this and many other contentions of the DSD report. Even using DSD figures Raymond points out that the U.S. had higher recycling rates than most European countries that have recycling mandates. In fact the European country with the highest rate is Finland a country without a producer responsibility mandate. Also objecting was former Environmental Protection Agency official Porter who pointed out that DSD's own old figures show the U.S. to be slightly ahead of Germany in percentages of waste recycled composted or incinerated. The even more telling point Porter and Raymond agree is that the U.S. recycles at a tonnage cost about one-third of that in Germany ($100- to $200/ton in the U.S. vs. $500/ton-plus in Germany).