Typically shipped in steel drums bulk vegetable oils shipped to food processors can present almost as many disposal problems as automotive lubricants. To combat this problem Dolton IL-based American Ingredients began selling oils in a package that has environmental benefits as well as advantages in production and savings in space. Now the company finds that the package practically sells itself. American Ingredients began adding MacMillan Bloedel's intermediate bulk container (IBC) to its offerings of shipping containers as early as 1992. SpaceKraft® is a seamless container wound from eight plies of 69# linerboard and 33# A-flute medium. It comes with a film liner to prevent the product from absorbing into the corrugated. Dispensing fitments allow easy draining by the food processor. SpaceKraft comes in four sizes: 220- 270- 330-gal that are equivalent to four five or six 55-gal drums or a 1-L export container. American Ingredients uses the 330-gal version with a linear low-density polyethylene liner. Multiple-ply film bags are available in a range of food grade films for specific barrier requirements. The empty containers are shipped to American Ingredients in four components: a corrugated outer sleeve and box cap a multiple-ply film bag that comes in an easy-to-use corrugated cassette and a shroud made of polyethylene. It can take as little as three minutes for one person to set up the container for filling. First the box is placed on a pallet the bag cassette opened and filling hoses attached to a fitting on top of the bag. The cassette is then placed on the bottom of the box and the bag's drain fitting aligned with a hole in the outer box. An operator then opens a valve for filling from an overhead feed line. When the optimum weight of 2 lb is reached filling automatically stops via a scale in the filling unit. A PE shroud is then placed over the box the corrugated box cap is put in place and the unit is strapped tightly to a pallet. American Ingredients fills the IBC on a load-cell platform that has access to filling nozzles from four different production centers. "This container has terrific production efficiencies over drums" says Rick Hulfeld plant manager at American Ingredients "but with warehouse costs at a premium today the space savings are equally important." SpaceKraft containers are shipped to American Ingredients 60 at a time stacked in 5 pallets of 12. They occupy just a fraction of the space that would be required to store an equivalent 360 drums. When filled one 330-gal SpaceKraft IBC fits into the same space as four steel drums. But the IBC holds the equivalent of six drums of oil. That's an additional 20% savings. In addition the compact rectangular shape of the container allows for better stackability. According to MacMillan Bloedel the two smaller units can stack 4-high on a pallet or 3-high for the 330-gal size. At the onset American Ingredients assumed that only companies that had a problem with drum disposal would be interested in using the IBC. "The drum problem is serious in a number of areas" says Roger Masa vice president of sales at American Ingredients. "Some customers requested the bulk container. But we also used it as a selling tool. We said we recognize there are many problems environmentally and we can help solve those problems."