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Dry offset printing reaches eight colors

Brand managers who market their products in plastic cups are no longer limited to six colors now that Polytainers has commercialized an eight-color dry offset printer. Yogurt marketers are clearly impressed.
All eight stations on the press (above) are arranged around an offset cylinder measuring 48 inches in diameter. Eight mandrels (Unprinted cups are placed in a tray feeder that raises them in long rows into a turret assembly that rotates to send fresh rows All eight stations on the press (above) are arranged around an offset cylinder measuring 48 inches in diameter. Eight mandrels (All eight stations on the press (above) are arranged around an offset cylinder measuring 48 inches in diameter. Eight mandrels (

Dry offset printing on rotary presses has long been the mainstay of decoration in the plastic cup and tub business. Until recently though designers were limited by the fact that no press manufacturer had ever designed and built one with more than six color stations. Polytainers Inc. (Toronto Ontario Canada) changed that in response to requests from its customers. The company urged Van Dam Machine (West Paterson NJ) to build what is believed to be the first eight-color dry offset press in the world. Installed in late 1992 it now runs around the clock seven days a week. "Customers needed more colors than six heads could provide" says Polytainers president Robert Barrett. "If a company wants its logo on a container and the colors in the logo take up three print heads there are only three colors left in a six-head press. If the customer also wants a process-printed fruit cocktail on that container we need more than six print heads to get it done." Among Polytainers' customers that take advantage of the eight-color press is Ultima Foods the Montreal firm licensed to produce and market the Yoplait brand of yogurt in Canada. "When the press was available and we saw the improved fruit renditions it could produce we moved a few flavors of our regular stirred yogurt into it" says Ultima's Sylvie Bourget. "We were so pleased with the results that we're now moving all our 500-gram and 1-kilogram regular stirred yogurt into cups printed on the eight-color press. That will represent about 20% of our total yogurt volume." For Polytainers it's a nice new chunk of business that might not have materialized had it not been for the new printer. What makes these Yoplait cups so suitable for decorating on an eight-color press is that their graphics include photography. Achieving true reproduction of a photographic image on a cup is not easy and though it can be accomplished on a press having six color heads it can be done better with eight heads because there's more latitude. A good example is a cup carrying a picture of a peach. In printing the peach black ink is used to give the fruit shading and to increase contrast. This is what makes the image life-like and appealing. But the black ink must be delivered with a fine dot pattern or the effect becomes anything but life-like. That can become a problem when on another part of the same cup a bar code is required. This requires a good solid laydown of black ink or else the code may prove unscannable. On a six-color press it might be necessary to compromise on the quality of the peach and the bar code because there aren't enough stations to dedicate one to the black that's in the peach and another to the bar code black When eight color heads are available one can be used to deliver just the right flow of black ink to produce the subtle shadings of the peach while another can be used for the heavier flow required by the bar code. It's the same color ink in both color heads but the added control over how it's laid down makes it possible to get all the definition a bar code needs without overwhelming the subtle shading required in the peach. Scaled up In operation the new press functions much like its six-color colleagues-except of course that it's bigger. "Naturally the press had to be scaled up" says Van Dam sales manager Dennis Keck. "The offset cylinder holding the print blanket had to be made bigger to allow room for the two extra color heads so it measures 48 inches in diameter. Other areas like the drive train had to be beefed up too." One other change Van Dam made while in its enlarging mode was to increase the maximum container size the machine was capable of handling. Previous dry offset presses from the firm with one unusual exception don't accept cups larger than 6 7/16" in diameter. Polytainers' press on the other hand will decorate cups to 7" in diameter. And according to Keck the newest eight-color press now under construction will handle diameters to 8". At Polytainers cups are taken from the injection molding machines that make them to the press in long nested stacks. The stacks are loaded into a tray feeder that raises them toward the infeed chute of the press on an as-needed basis. At the top of the feeder the stack is pushed into a turret assembly that rotates to line up a fresh stack of cups with the infeed port of the printer. As the stack enters the printer a screw feed mechanism pulls cups from the bottom of the stack one at a time and releases them at the proper time so they seat cleanly onto one of the printer's eight mandrels. Flame-treated twice When the cup is positioned on the mandrel it's at the 10 o'clock position. At 12 o'clock and again at 1 o'clock it's flame treated to help promote ink adhesion. At 3 o'clock the container meets the print blanket which at that point has completed its own revolution to pick up colors from each print deck. Upon contact by the print blanket the cup is driven in a full revolution and receives the image from the blanket. At 6 o'clock ultraviolet lamps dry the ink. At 9 o'clock the cup is blown off the mandrel by air pressure from inside the mandrel and onto a nested stack ready for manual packoff into corrugated shippers. Speeds to 500 containers/min are maintained on the smallest cups Polytainers now prints. Larger cups are slightly slower. Barrett believes the press's eight-color capability gives food marketers a valuable tool. "If you are responsible for marketing a food product and a cup supplier says he can give you six-color work and no more you design your package accordingly" says Barrett. "But if he says he can give you a nice solid background color your logo the way you want it and four-color process printing as well you're going to be intrigued." No wonder Polytainers has a second eight-color press on the way.

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